Published On: Tue, Jun 4th, 2019

Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala

In Kerala’s Ernakulum district a student in her 20s has been found down with fever and tested positive for Nipah virus. This is the first reported case and four more people are suffering from similar fever. More than eighty people are now under medical surveillance.

In 2018 the Nipah outbreak killed seventeen people in the state.

Meanwhile, people are urged to avoid panic and suggested to take precautionary measures to stop further spread of Nipah virus.

Nipah is a zoonotic disease and first recognized with large outbreak in Malaysia and Singapore. Between September 1998 and May 1999 about 275 cases were reported.

The word Nipa comes from a village with same name in Malaysia where the initial cases were reported.

National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) warned Nipah virus could be transmitted to humans through directed contact with those who are suffering from it.

Nipah virus, Kerala

The NCDC guidelines read, “Two routes of transmission of Nipah virus have also been identified from its natural reservoir to human: drinking of raw date palm sap contaminated with NiV and close physical contact with Nipah infected patients.”

The symptoms of Nipah virus are asymptomatic infection, acute respiratory infection (mild, severe), and fatal encephalitis.

About the Author

- Paul Linus is an eminent online journalist who has been writing news, features and editorials on different websites from across the world for about a decade. He can be contacted at knowledgeherald@gmail.com

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