Published On: Thu, Nov 14th, 2019

Water Pollution in Water Well & Drinking Water

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Of the 2,401 water wells tested, between 1991 and 2002, 24 had water containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) above U.S. Environmental Protection Agency standards, according to an article by Tina Adler titled “VOCs Turn Up in Well Water: Sensitive Measure Reveals Groundwater Contaminant.” The article was published in the on-line Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) Magazine, November 2007, in vol. 115, #11. EHP Magazine is the journal of the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Air Pollution & Land Pollution Water Contaminants Link

The water well assay was conducted by a U.S Geological Survey study group. According to the Tina Adler article, the study group found VOCs such as “gasoline, plastics, paints, dyes, solvents, adhesives, insecticides…[which] have wide-ranging health effects.” The study attributes these pollutants to precipitation from air pollution, and absorption from land pollution. Information in the article, by Tina Adler, comes from the U.S Geological Survey study of water well contaminants during 1991-2002. The participants in the U.S. Geological Survey study were:

Barbara L. Rowe
Patricia L. Toccalino
Michael J. Moran
John S. Zogorski
Curtis V. Price

Type 2 Diabetes Link to Drinking Water Pollution

Another study of public water systems states, “Exposure to levels of arsenic [not a VOC] commonly found in [public] drinking water may be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.” The article was published by the U.S. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) on their web site. The study, titled “Arsenic and Type 2 Diabetes” is dated September 1, 2008. The article can be accessed by typing the article name in the NIEHS search box. The authors are Ana Navas-Acien, M.D., Ph.D., and Ellen K. Silbergeld, Ph.D.

Water Pollution in Water Well & Drinking Water

The NIEHS article goes on to state, “…about 13 million Americans live in areas where public water systems exceed the EPA standard for arsenic…” The information in the article comes from a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health study, and was funded by a grant from NIEHS. The results of the study were first published in JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) on August 20, 2008. The title of the Johns Hopkins study is “Arsenic Exposure and Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in US Adults.” The authors are:

Nabvas-Acien A
Silbergeld EK
Pastor-Barriuse R
Guallar E

Effects of Arsenic Water Pollution

The Johns Hopkins arsenic water study collected data on 800 participants with urinary arsenic concentrations. The results, according to the study, “…indicated that urine levels of arsenic were significantly associated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes.” The participants were split into 5 groups, each group determined by the level of arsenic in their urine. After medical evaluation, the study concluded “…those in the highest category [arsenic levels] were more than three and one-half times more likely to have diabetes.” The study also states that when animal studies were conducted, it was determined that arsenic effects glucose production, and can lead to insulin resistance causing type 2 diabetes.

The Johns Hopkins study may not be completely conclusive in linking arsenic levels in water and type 2 diabetes. The study advises, “The current findings reinforce the need to evaluate the role of arsenic in diabetes development in prospective epidemiologic studies conducted in populations exposed to a wide range of arsenic levels.”

The U.S. Geological Survey water well study stated that only one-half of less of well water is filtered to protect from environmental pollution. Also, the authors of the study conclude that additional research could “…aid in understanding the sources, transport, and fate of these [VOCs] compounds in groundwater.” Both studies focus on drinking water pollution, and advise that more tests could reveal additional and vital information about the effects of water pollution.

About the Author

- I am an internet marketing expert with an experience of 8 years.My hobbies are SEO,Content services and reading ebooks.I am founder of SRJ News andTech Preview.

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